Quantitative Economics

Journal Of The Econometric Society

Edited by: Stéphane Bonhomme • Print ISSN: 1759-7323 • Online ISSN: 1759-7331

Quantitative Economics: Jul, 2019, Volume 10, Issue 3

Normality tests for latent variables

Martín Almuzara, Dante Amengual, Enrique Sentana

We exploit the rationale behind the Expectation Maximization algorithm to derive simple to implement and interpret LM normality tests for the innovations of the latent variables in linear state space models against generalized hyperbolic alternatives, including symmetric and asymmetric Student ts. We decompose our tests into third and fourth moment components, and obtain one‐sided likelihood ratio analogues, whose asymptotic distribution we provide. When we apply our tests to a common trend model which combines the expenditure and income versions of US aggregate real output to improve its measurement, we reject normality if the sample period extends beyond the Great Moderation.

Cointegration gross domestic product gross domestic income kurtosis Kuhn–Tucker test skewness supremum test Wiener–Kolmogorov–Kalman smoother C32 C52 E01

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Supplement to "Normality tests for latent variables"

Supplement to "Normality tests for latent variables"

Supplement to "Normality tests for latent variables"