Quantitative Economics: Nov, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3
Optimal fiscal policy with heterogeneous agents
The aim of this paper is to study the relationship between the intertemporal behavior
of taxes and wealth distribution. The optimal-taxation literature has often
concentrated on representative-agent models, in which it is optimal to smooth
distortionary taxes. When tax liabilities are unevenly spread in the population, deviations
from tax smoothing lead to interest rate changes that redistribute wealth.
When a “bad shock” hits the economy, the optimal policy will then call for smaller
or larger deficits, depending on the political power of different groups. This effect
is particularly relevant in the case of large shocks to government finances, such as
Keywords. Optimal taxation, heterogeneous agents, asset prices, distortion, net
JEL classification. E62, H21.