Journal Of The Econometric Society

An International Society for the Advancement of Economic
Theory in its Relation to Statistics and Mathematics

Edited by: Guido W. Imbens • Print ISSN: 0012-9682 • Online ISSN: 1468-0262

Econometrica: May, 1984, Volume 52, Issue 3

A Reformulation of the Marginal Productivity Theory of Distribution<599:AROTMP>2.0.CO;2-L
p. 599-630

Joseph M. Ostroy

Reformulating marginal productivity theory by replacing productivity with respect to commodities with productivity with respect to persons and then defining perfectly competitive equilibrium as an allocation at which each person receives the marginal product of his/her contribution--called a no-surplus allocation--there emerges a competitive theory of price determination. Characterizations of no-surplus allocations are given in models with a nonatomic continuum of agents and an infinite-dimensional commodity space. Comparisons between the no-surplus and Walrasian equilibrium definitions of competitive equilibrium are made and some sufficient conditions are obtained for the existence of a no-surplus allocation.

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