Journal Of The Econometric Society

An International Society for the Advancement of Economic
Theory in its Relation to Statistics and Mathematics

Edited by: Guido W. Imbens • Print ISSN: 0012-9682 • Online ISSN: 1468-0262

Econometrica: May, 1983, Volume 51, Issue 3

Capital Market Equilibrium with Personal Tax<611:CMEWPT>2.0.CO;2-I
p. 611-636

George M. Constantinides

This paper examines the effect of the capital gains tax on investors' optimal consumption and investment behavior and on equilibrium asset prices in an intertemporal economy. It explictly considers the fact that capital gains and losses on stock are taxed only when the investor sells the stock. Ownership of stock then confers upon the investor a timing option which enables him to realize capital losses immediately and defer capital gains. This option is a large fraction of the total benefit which accrues to the stockholder, and is the prime reason for the novel implications of capital gains taxation, discussed in this paper.

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