Econometrica: Sep 2008, Volume 76, Issue 5

Comment on: Threshold Autoregressions With a Unit Root
p. 1207-1217

Jean‐Yves Pitarakis

In this paper we revisit the results in Caner and Hansen (2001), where the authors obtained novel limiting distributions of Wald type test statistics for testing for the presence of threshold nonlinearities in autoregressive models containing unit roots. Using the same framework, we obtain a new formulation of the limiting distribution of the Wald statistic for testing for threshold effects, correcting an expression that appeared in the main theorem presented by Caner and Hansen. Subsequently, we show that under a particular scenario that excludes stationary regressors such as lagged dependent variables and despite the presence of a unit root, this same limiting random variable takes a familiar form that is free of nuisance parameters and already tabulated in the literature, thus removing the need to use bootstrap based inferences. This is a novel and unusual occurrence in this literature on testing for the presence of nonlinear dynamics.

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