Econometrica: May 1999, Volume 67, Issue 3

Efficiency and Equilibrium with Dynamic Increasing Aggregate Returns due to Demand Complementarities
p. 499-525

Antonio Ciccone, Kiminori Matsuyama

When do dynamic nonconvexities at the disaggregate level translate into dynamic nonconvexities at the aggregate level? We address this question in a framework where the production of differentiated intermediate inputs is subject to dynamic nonconvexities, and we show that the answer depends on the degree of Hicks‐Allen complementarity (substitutability) between differentiated inputs. In our simplest model, a generalization of Judd (1985) and Grossman and Helpman (1991) among many others, there are dynamic nonconvexities at the aggregate level if and only if differentiated inputs are Hicks‐Allen complements. We also compare dynamic equilibrium and optimal allocations in the presence of aggregate dynamic nonconvexities due to Hicks‐Allen complementarities between differentiated inputs.

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