Econometrica: Nov 1987, Volume 55, Issue 6

Arbitrage and the Existence of Competitive Equilibrium

https://doi.org/0012-9682(198711)55:6<1403:AATEOC>2.0.CO;2-B
p. 1403-1418

Jan Werner

A general equilibrium model of markets for commodities and assets is considered. We develop the notion of a price system that admits no arbitrage opportunity, and we demonstrate the fundamental role of this concept for the theory of the existence of a competitive equilibrium. A price system admits no arbitrage opportunity for a consumer if every bundle of desired commodities has a positive market value. We prove that the existence of a price system that admits no arbitrage opportunity for all consumers is sufficient for the existence of an equilibrium.

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