Econometrica: Sep 1983, Volume 51, Issue 5
The Determination of Spot and Futures Prices with Storable Commodities
Stephen J. TurnovskyThis paper analyzes the effects of futures trading in a market for a storable commodity, in which producers and speculators are assumed to be risk averse and specifications of the aggregate supply and inventory demand functions are derived from explicit optimization. A critical aspect is how the parameters of these functions change with the introduction of the future market as it is through these induced parameter changes that the futures market exerts its influence on the spot price. The effects of the futures market on both the long-run average spot price and its variance are analyzed. While we are unable to draw any definitive conclusions on this issue, we find that in all cases considered the futures market stabilizes the spot price, as well as lowering its long-run mean.
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