Econometrica: May 2014, Volume 82, Issue 3

How Portable Is Level‐0 Behavior? A Test of Level‐ Theory in Games With Non‐Neutral Frames

https://doi.org/10.3982/ECTA11132
p. 1133-1151

Shaun Hargreaves Heap, David Rojo Arjona, Robert Sugden

We test the portability of level‐0 assumptions in level‐ theory in an experimental investigation of behavior in Coordination, Discoordination, and Hide and Seek games with common, non‐neutral frames. Assuming that level‐0 behavior depends only on the frame, we derive hypotheses that are independent of prior assumptions about salience. Those hypotheses are not confirmed. Our findings contrast with previous research which has fitted parameterized level‐ models to Hide and Seek data. We show that, as a criterion of successful explanation, the existence of a plausible model that replicates the main patterns in these data has a high probability of false positives.

Log In To View Full Content

Supplemental Material

Supplement to "How Portable is Level-0 Behaviour?  A Test of Level-k Theory in Games with Non-Neutral Frames"

This document provides additional information, data and analysis related to the paper.  The material is divided as follows: Section I: Additional details about the implementation of the experimental design Section II: Screen shots of instructions, quizzes and decision tasks Section III: Additional analysis of position effects Section IV: Analysis restricted to games with neutral connotations Section V: Patterns in Hide and Seek data consistent with 'plausible' level-k models.

Read More View PDF


Supplement to "How Portable is Level-0 Behaviour?  A Test of Level-k Theory in Games with Non-Neutral Frames"

This zip file contains the replication files for the manuscript.

Read More View ZIP


Back